The Design Bureau for developing aircraft automatic propellers and hydromechanical control systems was founded.
The official document approving the enterprise founding is the People Commissariat Order of aircraft industry of the USSR № 80/К dated March 22, 1939, and Konstantin I. Zhdanov was authorized as Chief Designer of the Design Bureau.
In this year the serial production of the first national automatic metal blade propeller AV-1 designed by K. I. Zhdanov was started up for equipping I-16 and I-153 AIRCRAFT. Since that moment the AIRCRAFT of Russia and the former USSR (except sports airplanes and light aviation of recent years) have been equipped with propellers designed by AEROSILA.
Since the first years of existence the enterprise has acquired a reputation as the productive developer of propellers and hydromechanical governors.
During a short pre-war period and in the hard years of Great Patriotic War the Design Bureau developed more than 12 types of propellers manufactured in serial production in the amount of more than 100 000 items.
Many collaborators of the Design Bureau were acknowledged with Government awards for substantial contribution in creating the high aerodynamic characteristic propellers contributed to successes of the Soviet Aviation.
TURBOPROP AVIATION DEVELOPMENT
During post-war period the turboprop aviation took over the aviation with piston engine-propeller power units.
Rapid development of turboprop aviation required prompt production of radically new propellers and hydromechanical automatic control systems.
The enterprise personnel coped well with these tasks having developed a family of reliable propellers and governors for the following AIRCRAFT: Аn-8, Аn-12, Аn-10, Be-12, An-24, IL-18, Аn-30, Аn-26 and Аn-32, etc.
Such propellers up to the present haven’t had analogues in the world propeller-building.
Also the enterprise was busy with developing propellers for hovercraft and snowplanes as well as steering rotors for Мi-6, Мi-10, Мi-10К and Мi-1 helicopters.
AUXILIARY POWER UNITS DEVELOPMENT
In the period of jet aviation rapid development and turboprop aviation relative recession AEROSILA was in charge of new technically significant streamline which was principally new for the enterprise.
The APUs designed by the enterprise are installed on the following AIRCRAFT: Тu-134А, Тu-154, Tu-154Б, Тu-154М, IL-62М, IL-76Т, IL-76MD, Yak-42, Тu-160, Аn-74, Аn-124, Тu-204, Аn-70 and other facilities.
SUPERSONIC AIRCRAFT WITH WING SWEEP VARYING
The enterprise started developing screw actuators — power ball-screw mechanisms with built-in gear boxes for aircraft wing sweep varying.
On shipping industry demand the family of lifting and propulsion mechanisms was developed for 6 hovercraft: “Skat”, “Murena”, “Kalmar”, “Omar”, “Djeiran” and “Zubr”.
The range of the enterprise developments was filled up with 5 propellers titles and 6 lift fans titles.