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Aerosila: the first in Russia

In 2019, the company will celebrate 80 years. The history of Aerosila, all its activities are inextricably linked and reflect the history of domestic aviation.

The urgent need for the development of aviation in the pre-war years was the impetus for the creation of a design bureau for the development of automatic propellers and hydromechanical self-propelled guns, which successfully began to solve the problems of equipping aircraft under construction with domestic propellers.

After the war, Aerosila developed a family of propellers, which equipped the mass and today well-known brands of aircraft — An-12, Il-18, An-24, An-26 and many others. And then, as a response to the growing needs of our customers — aircraft-building design bureaus — began to develop a new class of seemingly understandable and well-known by that time propulsors, propellers — coaxial propellers and fans, which made it possible to create airplanes with high, often still unsurpassed parameters — speed (Tu-114 and Tu-95), take-off thrust-weight ratio (An-22 «Antey»), take-off and landing characteristics (An-70). Aerosila is a leader in this field.

The successful experience of creating propellers with an efficiency of 0.9 initiates requests from foreign customers for the development of coaxial propellers to replace the used single ones in order to improve the operational characteristics of the aircraft. Propellers are also being developed for new regional, transport aircraft and UAVs.

The next challenge in the development of aviation was the demand for the use of auxiliary power units (APU) onboard the aircraft, and Aerosila accepted this challenge and for 60 years the company has been successfully developing auxiliary gas turbine engines.

Auxiliary gas turbine engines with the trademark «TA» are operated on most aircraft, created by aircraft and helicopter design bureaus of Tupolev, Yakovlev, Ilyushin, Sukhoi, Beriev, Antonov, Kamov and Mil. To date, 25 APUs have been created with an equivalent power from 100 to 475 h.p.

In this century, a new generation family  base APU of 3 standard sizes has been created, completely covering the on-board power requirements of modern aircraft. The engines are equipped with an electronic control and regulation system (FADEC) and meet modern requirements for weight and size characteristics, noise level, emission of harmful substances, elevation of launch and operation, fuel efficiency and processability. On the basis of the base APUs, modifications are created in a short time (the total number has already exceeded 15) for newly designed, prospective and modernized airplanes and helicopters, which can also be used for hovercraft and other vehicles.

Leadership of Aerosila, its execution of the role of a high-level integrator for developers and manufacturers of materials, sensors, aggregates and systems, forming promising requirements and tasks, is confirmed by Rosaviatsia — the company has been given approval (for numbers 002 and 003) for the right to develop and mass-produce APU and propellers for civil aircraft.

According to its characteristics, the certified base VGTD of the 2nd size TA18-100 is designed for narrow-bodied aircraft with a capacity of up to 150 passengers. Currently, APU TA18-100C No. 001 has been manufactured for flight tests on an SSJ-100 aircraft (to replace of the foreign production APU) and is being produced TA18-100В design documentation for use on the Mi-26T2.

Italian company Officine Mechaniche Irpine s.r.l. on the basis of a license agreement with “SPE “Aerosila”, PJSC is carrying out work on the creation of serial production of APU TA18-100 and its own test base. The company also leads the APU TA18-100 on the European market for use in the products ATR, Leonardo and Embraer, plans to provide support for its operation in Europe.

Previously, we stated that we are preparing to expand the possibilities of applying TA18-100 in foreign aircraft. And it happened! The European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) validated the Type Certificate No. CT211-VD of the auxiliary engine TA18-100 and issued an Approval “on European technical standards application instruction (ETSO)” EASA.IM.21O.10067695 of December 10, 2018.

Worthy gift for the New Year and for the anniversary of the company!

And also a gift to the entire Russian aircraft engine industry.


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